Dresden: Klotzsche Airport

Dresden Airport, DRS

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
KoordinatenN510804 E0134605 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 230 m
Former East GermanyDistrict of Dresden
Federal stateSachsen (Saxony)
Location indicatorEDXD (196x), ETDN (-199x), EDDC (199x-)
Map with location of Dresden Airport
Germany during the Cold War Map
The history of the Cold War airfields: Dresden
by Bert Kondruss
Contents
Page 1: From the beginnings to the 1960s
Page 2: From the 1970s until today
Today
Links

General

Dresden-Klotzsche Airport was established in the mid-1930s as a replacement for Dresden-Heller Airport and as an air base with the Luftkriegsschule, with buildings located about 1 km east of the airport. At the beginning of the Second World War, the field was solely used for military purposes.
In 1945 the airfield was occupied by Soviet troops which stationed various flying and non-flying units here in the course of the next few years. In the mid-1950s, Dresden-Klotzsche was gradually transferred to GDR administration, where the Dresden aircraft factory was built. Initially, aircraft of the type Ilyushin Il-14 were manufactured under licence, but with the Baade 152, an own commercial jet aircraft was under development. After it became apparent that the 152 was not going to have any commercial success, the ambitious aircraft construction for the economically weak GDR was completely discontinued in 1961. The aircraft plant was converted into the Dresden Aircraft Maintenance Plant (FWD), which carried out maintenance on military aircraft for the East German air force until the end of the GDR in 1990, but also for other countries, e. g. from the Middle East.
In addition to the aviation industry, the transport aircraft Ilyushin Il-14 and later Antonov An-26 of the East German National People's Army (NVA) were stationed in Dresden, which flew in the later Transport Squadron 24 (TS-24). From the beginning of the 1960s onwards, civil air traffic developed again in Dresden. The GDR airline Interflug flew from here to various destinations in the Eastern Bloc.
After reunification, the airport was expanded and adapted to the requirements of modern air traffic. Among other things, a new runway was built, which is located directly west of the old runway, which was then demolished. For a few years, Dresden also remained a base of the German Air Force. A large aircraft maintenance plant is still at the airport.

Location of airfield

The airfield is located north-north east of Dresden.

During the 1930s

Usage

Dresden Klotzsche was opened in the mid 1930s and was used as a commercial airport and military airfield.

Timetable

Spring/Summer 1939

The timetable for spring/summer of 1939 shows the following scheduled flights:
(Days: 1=Monday ... 7=Sunday)
32 Berlin (Tempelhof) - Dresden (Klotzsche) - Prague (Ruzyně) - Wien (Aspern)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52 / CLS (Československá letecká společnost, Praha), Douglas DC-2:
    1234567 | Berlin 14:50 - 15:40 Dresden 15:55 - 16:40 Prague 17:00 - 18:15 Vienna
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52 / CLS (Československá letecká společnost, Praha), Douglas DC-2:
    1234567 | Vienna 09:00 - 10:15 Prague 10:35 - 11:20 Dresden 11:35 - 12:25 Berlin
34 Berlin (Tempelhof) - Dresden (Klotzsche) - Reichenberg (Liberec)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Focke-Wulf Fw 58:
    123456– | Berlin 17:40 - 18:30 Dresden 18:40 - 19:15 Reichenberg
    (Times for the period between 01 May to 31 August 1939)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Focke-Wulf Fw 58:
    123456– | Reichenberg 07:50 - 08:25 Dresden 08:35 - 09:25 Berlin
    (Times for the period between 01 May to 07 October 1939)
119 Breslau (Gandau) - Dresden (Klotzsche) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Erfurt (Nord) - Frankfurt (Rhein/Main)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Breslau 06:00 - 07:05 Dresden 07:15 - 07:50 Halle/Leipzig 08:00 - 08:30 Erfurt 08:40 - 09:40 Frankfurt/M
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Frankfurt/M 17:10 - 18:25 Halle/Leipzig 19:00 - 19:30 Dresden 19:40 - 20:40 Breslau
    (No stop in Erfurt)
156 Dresden (Klotzsche) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Dortmund (Brackel) - Cologne (Butzweilerhof) - Düsseldorf (Lohausen)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 86:
    123456– | Dresden 16:30 - 17:10 Halle/Leipzig 17:20 - 19:05 Dortmund 19:15 - 19:45 Cologne 20:05 - 20:20 Düsseldorf
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 86:
    123456– | Düsseldorf 10:25 - 10:40 Cologne 10:50 - 11:20 Dortmund 11:30 - 13:00 Halle/Leipzig 13:10 - 13:45 Dresden
PF174 Berlin (Tempelhof) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Dresden (Klotzsche)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Focke-Wulf Fw 58:
    –234567 | Berlin 04:25 - 05:20 Halle/Leipzig 05:35 - 06:20 Dresden
    Air mail and freight transport only; not from Sundays to Mondays
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Focke-Wulf Fw 58:
    123456– | Dresden 21:10 - 21:55 Halle/Leipzig 22:10 - 23:05 Berlin
    Air mail and freight transport only; not from Sundays to Mondays
Departures and arrivals by time
DaysTimeDep/ArrRouteOperatorAircraft typeto/from
–23456706:20ArrPF174Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Berlin - Halle/Leipzig
123456–07:05Arr119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Breslau
123456–07:15Dep119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Halle/Leipzig - Erfurt - Frankfurt/M
123456–08:25Arr34Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Reichenberg
123456–08:35Dep34Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Berlin
123456711:20Arr32Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52 /
Douglas DC-2
Vienna - Prague
123456711:35Dep32Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52 /
Douglas DC-2
Berlin
123456–13:45Arr156Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 86Düsseldorf - Cologne - Dortmund - Halle/Leipzig
123456715:40Arr32Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52 /
Douglas DC-2
Berlin
123456715:55Dep32Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52 /
Douglas DC-2
Prague - Vienna
123456–16:30Dep156Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 86Halle/Leipzig - Dortmund - Cologne - Düsseldorf
123456–18:30Arr34Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Berlin
123456–18:40Dep34Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Reichenberg
123456–19:30Arr119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Frankfurt/M - Halle/Leipzig
123456–19:40Dep119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Breslau
123456–21:10DepPF174Deutsche LufthansaFocke-Wulf Fw 58Halle/Leipzig - Berlin

Air Base

During World War II

Usage until 1945

Airport and Luftwaffe airfield.

Situation

Dresden Klotzsche air base in World War II
Dresden Klotzsche in World War II on a US map from 194x (Source: McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

Overview

Dresden-Klotzsche airfield, Germany, on a US map from 1952
Dresden Klotzsche airfield on a US map from 1952 - Dresden-Klotzsche airport on a US map from 1952 (Source: AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University /BYU/)

During the Cold War

Usage during the Cold War

1945 occupied by the Red Army. Flugzeugwerk Dresden (FWD, aircraft construction), later Flugzeugwerft Dresden (FWD, aircraft maintenance). Base for East German airforce transport aircraft (Il-14, An-26). Also used by Interflug airline.

Soviet use

1945 until mid-1950s

Overview

Map Dresden airfield 1949
Sketch of the Dresden-Klotzsche airfield, which was used by Soviet troops at that time, about 1949 (Source: CIA)
1Landing field with concrete strips
2Administrative buildings
3Heating installation
4Guardhouse and garage for five motor vehicles
5Post exchanges and kitchens
6Dispensary
7Fire point
8Athletic field
9Gymnasium and bath
10Destroyed cantonment
11Wrecked aircraft
CrossesSentries
Buildings with crossHangars
Buildings blackEnlisted men quarters
Building horizontally hatchedOfficers' billets

History

  • CIA report from October 1949
    The installations of the field were neglected. The boundary lights, the DF station and a signal communication bunker were destroyed. The sandy landing field had a neglected grass cover. The two taxiways were in a poor condition.
    Source: /CIA/

GDR Aircraft Plant

Usage

From the mid-1950s onwards, the airfield was expanded to house the Dresden Aircraft Plant. On 04 March 1959, the prototype of the 152 jet airliner with the registration DM-ZYA crashes near Dresden. In 1961 the construction of aircraft ceased.

Overview

Sketch from the time of the expansion of the airfield and the aircraft works Dresden, ca. 1958
Sketch from the time of the expansion of the airfield and the aircraft works, ca. 1958 - The runway (no. 16 in the sketch) had a length of 1000 m at this time, but the further extension towards the northeast (16a) was in progress. (Source: CIA)

In the 1960s

Overview

Landing chart, Dresden Airport, 1961
Landing chart, approx. 1961 (Source: CIA)
aSoviet independent lighting system
bWire-fenced area (will be removed)
cSoviet search radar 100 cm (Aerial System X)
dSoviet precision approach radar (GCA) and VHF direction finder
eB 152. Engines were being run up.
fConstruction hangar
gDecimeter aerials to transmitting station
hConstruction building
iFarm machinery park
jCivil terminal building
Satellite picture of Dresden-Klotzsche Airport, East Germany (GDR), 1965
Satellite picture of Dresden-Klotzsche Airport, East Germany (GDR), 1965 (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Approach lights in the northeast
Approach lights in the northeast (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Platform at the northern end of the runway
Platform at the northen end of the runway - Further north is the connection to the autobahn, presumably for the nearby Weixdorf Highway Strip, which is prepared for aircraft operations. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Dresden Klotzsche Airport: Northeastern end of the runway
Northeastern end of the runway - The marking of the runway is interesting. With 80 m, the runway is extraordinarily wide, but initially a narrower area is marked. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Hangar at Dresden Airport, Germany, with Il-14 and helicopter
Hangar at the northeast end, in front of it an Il-14 and other airplanes. - A helicopter appears to be standing on the platform at the top of the picture (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Helicopter
Detail: Helicopter (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
(Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Northern railway spur and sports field
Northern railway spur and sports field - It is occupied with numerous freight cars (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Buildings at Dresden Klotzsche Airport, Germany
Buildings (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Hangar
Another hangar (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Western side of the runway at Dresden
On the western side of the runway there are several installations, probably radar facilities (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Dresden-Klotzsche Airport: Combat aircraft and An-2
Northern large hangarl. There are 9 fighter planes and an An-2 (?) - An arrow-shaped object is visible to the right between the hangars. It could be another plane, possibly decommissioned. Interesting is the strip-shaped marking on the taxiway in front of the hangar in the upper right-hand corner. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Aircraft Antonov An-2 and fighter
Detail: An-2 at the edge and fighter plane in front of the hangar (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Aircraft silhouette
Detail: Unusually dark aircraft silhouette (marked with red dot) (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
8 MiG fighters at Dresden
Detail: 8 fighter aircraft (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Detail: Stripe-shaped marking on the taxiway
Detail: Stripe-shaped marking on the taxiway (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
MiG fighter at Dresden airfield, Germany
Detail: MiG aircraft in the area behind the hangars (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Southern railway connection and tank farm
Southern railway connection and tank farm - Some freight cars are standing on the tracks (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
The platform at the southwest end
The platform at the southwest end is empty (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Dresden Klotzsche air base: East German National People's Army (NVA) aircraft Il-14 and An-2
On the military apron of the East German National People's Army (NVA) there are 8 aircraft Il-14 and 2 An-2 (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
East German National People's Army (NVA) transport aircraft Il-14 at Dresden airfield
Detail: East German National People's Army (NVA) transport aircraft Il-14 and two empty parking positions (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Airplanes Ilyushin Il-14 and Antonov An-2
Detail: Airplanes Ilyushin Il-14 and Antonov An-2 (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Large hangar at Dresden-Klotzsche airfield
Large hangar (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Southwestern end of the runway at Dresden, Germany
Southwestern end of the runway (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Facilities in the southern part of the field of Klotzsche
The facilities in the southern part of the field are only partially visible due to clouds. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Continue reading: ➜ From the 1970s until today
Contents
Page 1: From the beginnings to the 1960s (this page)
Page 2: From the 1970s until today
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