Neuhardenberg: Air Base

Marxwalde, Wriezen

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
The Marxwalde/Neuhardenberg airfield in the Cold War
by Bert Kondruss
Coordinates: N523647 E0141433 (WGS84)
Map: Google Maps
Elevation: 33 ft
Location Indicator: ETWN (-1990), ETMA (ca. 1985-1990), EDON

Location

The village is located ca. 50 km east-northeast of Berlin. In former East Germany, the municipality and therefore the airfield had the name "Marxwalde". It was situated in the district (Bezirk) Frankfurt/O. After German reunification, the village was renamed back to "Neuhardenberg" and today it belongs to the Federal State of Brandenburg.

Location of airfield

The airfield is located northeast of Neuhardenberg

Use until 1945

Luftwaffe airfield.

Use during the Cold War

East german air force base (NVA LSK/LV). Fighter Wing 8 (JG-8) and Transport Wing 44 (TG-44) (governmental VIP transport).

Use after 1990

Luftwaffe airfield.

Current use

General aviation.

Airfield Map

Runways

Data for the year 1990:
  • 08/26: 2400 m x 50 m Concrete
  • 08/26: 1800 m x 40 m Grass

Radio navigation

Radio beacons in the year 1990:
  • RSBN
  • LOM 26: 472 "BU", 3920m to THR26
  • LMM 26: 958 "B", 930m to THR26
  • LOM 08: 472 "UB", 3900m to THR26
  • LMM 08: 958 "U", 900m to THR26
  • ILS 26: 110.9
  • PRGM

Radio

The airfield call sign was "BERGBAU" (German word for "mining").

Telephone

Sondernetz S1 25738 call signs: BEIWAGEN, GRUNDLINIE (1990)

Maps

Maps from the "Directory 012" (Verzeichnis 012), containing aeronautical information about military airfields of the former East Germany National People's Army (NVA) and Border Troops (GT). The document was classified as "Secret".
Location in relation to airways.
Departure routes from the airfield to the airways
NDB approach in main landing direction 264°
NDB approach in secondary landing direction 084°
Airfield map

Units

Jagdgeschwader 8 (JG-8) (Fighter Wing 8)
- Address: Postbox PF 44192
- Aircraft: MiG-21bis, MiG-21UM (1990)
Fliegertechnisches Bataillon 8 (FTB-8)
- Address: Postbox 63910
Nachrichten- und Flugsicherungsbataillon 8 (NFB-8)
- Address: Postbox 86196
Transportfliegergeschwader 44 (TG-44) (Transport Wing 44)
- Address: Postbox 33672
- Aircraft: Tu-134A, Tu-154M, Mi-8 (1990)
Fliegertechnisches Bataillon 44
- Address: Postbox 33636

Installations

A fuel depot was located at Trebnitz railway station, 8 km to the south. This probably served as delivery and buffer storage, as Marxwalde was one of only a few east german air bases without a direct railway connection.
The wing command post was colocated with the Radar Bataillon 61 (Radar Bataillon 61) in Müncheberg, 12 km south-southwest of the airfield.

Additional information

Crash of MiG-21bis "844" 19FEB1990

MiG-21bis was on a training flight when it encounters an engine problem. The pilot tries to get back to the air base, but lost height continuously. He had to give up the plane and ejected late at a height of 200 m and only after resolute commands by the flight director (tower). The plane went down near Kostrzyn (Poland), ca. 30 km east-southeast of Marxwalde.
The following transcript is the radio communication of the final minutes. It starts with a call of the pilot of the "844" (call sign "487") to Marxwalde flight director (call sign "BERGBAU START"). At this time, the plane is accompanied by another MiG-21, piloted by the wing commander (call sign "402"). The transcripts ends with the message from the other MiG-21 that the ejected pilot fired a red signal light (Rotfeuer) to show his succesful landing.
Normally, radio communication was done in russian language. But in special cases like this it was permitted to use german language as well.
The transcript is courtesy of HR, thanks a lot!
Explanation

487Ejected pilot
402Second MiG-21
527, 691Other aircraft
FLFlight director (Tower), call sign "BERGBAU START"
LLLandeleiter (Final Controller)
(GE)German language
(RU)Russian language

Transkript

487BERGBAU START, 487 auf Kanal 7 im Verband mit der 402, Kurs 350, Höhe 800, leicht gleitend
FL487, habe Sie verstanden, KL7 (?) erlaubt
FL402, Sie beobachten die 487?
402Er ist zur Zeit hinter mir. Ich sehe ihn zwar noch, aber ich kann nicht halten, ja. ... Ich versuche noch mal zurück
FLIch habe verstanden
487BERGBAU START von der 487. Habe 5%? Drehzahl, 400 km/h. Läßt sich nicht beschleunigen. Komme so weit wie möglich an den Platz ran. Fahre dann ganz zum Schluß das Fahrwerk aus zur Landung.
FL487, ist Ihre Schubdüse offen?
487Nein
402Die 487 hat rechts hinten ein sehr großes Loch
FLJa ich habe verstanden
527527 25 ... (RU)
FL487, Ihre Höhe?
487350, 400 km/h, stark abnehmend jetzt
FL487, Sie bereiten das Katapultieren vor! Flugzeug in freie Richtung!
487Ja Moment noch. Geht noch
FL487, beachten Sie Höhe und Geschwindigkeit!
487487, meine Höhe jetzt 200m, Geschwindigkeit 350, stark ... 402, ist das jetzt eine freie Richtung für mich?
FL487, Sie katapultieren!
487402, kann ich hier katapultieren?
FLSie katapultieren, 487!
487Ich katapultiere.
527527, K7 ... (RU)
FLVerstanden (RU), 527 (GE)
402Schirm offen, Maschine abgestürzt und brennt.
FL402, ich habe Sie verstanden. Der Schirm ist offen, die Maschine brennt
FL402 Standort, ungefähr?
402ca. 5 km südlich Küstrin
FL402, ich habe verstanden. Beobachten Sie die Landung der 487 am Schirm!
?527 (RU)
402Sie ist gelandet!
?... (RU)
?sehe (RU)
FL... Aufgabe über Rechenwinkel zur Landung
?ja verstanden.
?6 (RU)
?10 (RU)
527FFF, ... Landung 527 (RU)
FLLandung (RU)
LLAnflug ist zu hoch, 527
?402 ... (RU)
?...
?... punkt
?360 (RU)
691691, 2., Anflug ... (RU)
?verstanden (RU)
402Überstanden, 402, Rotfeuer gezündet.

Bibliography

  • Ries, Karl; Dierich, Wolfgang: "Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe" Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 1993 - Allied map
  • Lang, Dietbert; Materna, Horst: "Der Flugplatz Neuhardenberg Marxwalde Neuhardenberg" Verlag Willmuth Arenhövel, Berlin 1998 - Vom geheimen Einsatzhafen des Dritten Reichs zum Regierungsflugplatz der DDR

Airfields in the vicinity