Friedrichshafen: Löwental Airfield

Base aérienne 136, Bodensee-Airport

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
The history of the Cold War airfields: Friedrichshafen
by Bert Kondruss
Coordinates: N474017 E0093042 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 1365 ft
Location Indicator: EDFL (196*, 197*), EDGL (GAR), EDTY (-1995), EDNY (1995-)

Location

Map with location of Friedrichshafen Löwental airfield
Germany during the Cold War
Map

Location of airfield

At the northeastern edge of Friedrichshafen.

During the 1920s/1930s

Location of airfield

The location of the airfield on a map from the 1930s - /FHB 1928/

Overview

Airfield map 1932 - /FHB 1928/
Aerial picture from the 1920s or 1930s - The view is northeast

Airfield characteristics at daytime

The movement area is located 3 km north-east of the city Friedrichshafen near Löwenthal, north of the Friedrichshafen-Ravensburg railway line. The aircraft hangar is located in the south-west, an airship hangar in the north of the movement area. On the airplane hangar is a white inscription "Friedrichshafen". Landing signs for airplanes is constantly deployed, also the smoke oven is in operation at daytime. In the south-west concrete runway *). For airships, a landing crew and technical preparation of the landing are to be requested at Luftschiffbau Zeppelin G. m. b. H. Friedrichshafen (Lake Constance). The movement area boundary is marked by red-white panels. 2 km west of the movement area is the the airship hangar of the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin G. m. b. H., on the northern edge of the city.
*) Concrete runway: Largest length approx. west-east 150 m, width at the east side 57 m, width at the west side 15 m.

Airfield characteristics at night

No permanent night lighting, landing lights made of green, white and red fires in the wind direction are to be requested:
A) for airplanes: at the administrator, landings are to be performed from green over white to red, to the right of the row.
B) for airships: at Luftschiffbau Zeppelin G. m. b. H., Friedrichshafen (Lake Constance). On request at the police watch, also neon fires on both radio towers.

Runways

Good sod on clay soil. Shortest rolling length: 800 m in northwest-southeast direction.

Hangars

1 aircraft hangar 100,98 x 46,40 m, height 15,34 m, door width 2 x 44,0 x 7,5 m,
1 airship hangar 270,0 x 58,9 m. clear height 53.0 m, door width 2 x 52.0 m, door height 49.0 m.
The aircraft hangar contains 3 trolleys each with a load capacity of 1 t, the airship hangar 8 trolleys each with a load capacity of 3 t.

Workshops

Contain all machinery and equipment necessary for the repair of wood and metal aircraft; mobile autogenous welding system, three-phase current of 220/380 volts. Construction company for metal aircraft and for airships at the field.

Fuel equipment

In barrel storage approx. 2000 l of petrol and benzene in stock at any time. Gas for airships in stock.

Railway siding

Available.

First aid in the case of accidents

Provided by the police station. Medical room available. Nearest doctor in Friedrichshafen (2 km distance).

Accommodation of passengers

In the hotels in the city of Friedrichshafen.

Connections

Shuttle service at times of scheduled air travel with airplanes and airships. Taxi cabs on call at any time.
/FHB 1928/

Timetable

Timetable in spring 1939

In the spring of 1939, Friedrichshafen is served by one scheduled flight:
Stuttgart (Böblingen) - Friedrichshafen
Weekdays, operated by Lufthansa with Junkers Ju 52 aircraft.
Departure - arrival:
Stuttgart 13:20 - 14:00 Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen 16:50 - 17:30 Stuttgart
Fares in Reichsmark Single flight / return / excess baggage per kg
Stuttgart: 15, - / 27, - / 0,15 RM
Children up to 3 years of age pay 10% of the fare, children up to 7 years of age pay 50%.
Free luggage allowance 15 kg

Images

Aerial picture of Friedrichshafen airfield, Germany, 1935
Aerial picture from 11 July 1935 - /ETH/
Aerial picture of Friedrichshafen airfield, Germany with hangar and gas works
Enlargement: Airport installations in the southestern corner - Gas works (left), buildings and aircraft (center), runway (right), hangar (bottom right)
Friedrichshafen airfield: Building
Enlargement: Building in the south next to the railway line
Zeppelin airship hangar at Friedrichshafen airfield, Germany
Enlargement: Airship hangar

During World War II

Usage

Luftwaffe airfield.

Situation

Löwental during World War II on a US map from February 1945 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

During the Cold War

After World War II, Friedrichshafen was first used by the French Air Force, followed by German army aviation and finally by French army helicopters.

Units

1949-1953: EC 4 (De Haviland Vampire)
bis 1959: Luftwaffe training unit (Do-27)
1959-1966: German Army Aviation Heeresfliegerstaffel (LL) 9 (1966 renamed to Heeresfliegerstaffel 10 and moved to Neuhausen ob Eck airfield)
1973-1992: French Army Aviation, 1990: 2e RHC mit EHAC-3, EHAC-4, EHAC-5, EHAP-2, EHLR-1, EHM-6 (SA 342M, SA 341F, SA 330B)

In the 1950s

Situation

Base aérienne 136 on a map from 1956
The French Friedrichshafen air base on a map from 1956 - Northwest of the field is a direction finding station LIGHTENECH marked. It is very likely that this is Lichtenegg (Illmensee).

Overview

Friedrichshafen Löwental Airfield on a US map from 1955 - (AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University /BYU/)

Radio communication

  • Approach 119.7
  • Airport 3270, 119.7, 121.5

In the 1960s

Situation

Friedrichshafen military airfield on a map from 1963
Friedrichshafen military airfield on a map from 1963

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 384 "FC"

Radio communication

  • Tower 117.9, 119.7
  • Radio 34.6
Air traffic control (ATC) service provided by French Air Force. ATC service provided by German Army for German military aircraft only.

Telephone

4141-44

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Situation

Friedrichshafen Löwental Airport on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1981 - (ONC F-2 (1981), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

Runways

Data for the year 1990:
  • 06/24: 2355 m x 30 m Asphalt

Today

Today, Friedrichshafen is a regional airport.

Links

Image sources

Airfields in the vicinity

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