Merseburg: Air Base

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
The history of the Cold War airfields: Merseburg
by Bert Kondruss
Coordinates: N512151 E0115701 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation: 340 ft
Location Indicator: EDAM


Map with the location of Merseburg Air Base
Germany during the Cold War

During World War II


Luftwaffe airbase.


Merseburg Air Base in World War II on a US map from 1944 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

During the Cold War


Soviet/russian airbase.

In the 1950s



- Headquarters Soviet fighter division
- Soviet fighter regiment (P. O. Box 62 335),
- A total of 38 MiG-15/MiG-15U were counted at the airfield.
Source: BND/Bundesarchiv B 206/3033
(For the P. O. Box numbers the digits 3 and 5 may be confused, because they are difficult to distinguish in the source document)


  • September/October 1954
    Temporary relocation of Fighter Regiment Merseburg to the Dessau Airfield (27.09.-05.10.1954)

In the 1970s


Merseburg Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 - (ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin /PCL MC/)

Radio beacons

Data for the year 1970?:
  • LOM 26: 398 "DK", 4200m
  • LMM 26: 810 "D", 1030m
  • LOM 08: 398 "KD"
  • LMM 08: 810 "K"

In the 1980s and early 1990s


Data for the year 1990:
  • 08/26: 2500 m x 44 m
  • 08/26 Grass

Radio beacons

Data for the year 1990:
  • LOM 26: 614 "DK", 4200 m
  • LMM 26: 297 "D", 1030 m
  • LOM 08: 614 "LE", 4400 m
  • LMM 08: 297 "L", 1000 m

Radio communication

Call signs: DOVJELOK (196x), MUSKAT (198x)


1990: 85 GwIAP (MiG-29, MiG-29UB, MiG-23UB); Parts of 485 OBVP (Mi-8, Mi-24)


  • 1988
    Observation at Merseburg: "The alert aircraft, uploaded with missiles, were observed with generator vehicles standing by. While the FULCRUM may have a self-start capability, this observation indicates the Soviets prefer or require to have generator trucks available for alert status aircraft."
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • 1988
    Observation of an "Integrated Combat Turn" (ICT): Downloading the missiles from one MiG-29 FULCRUM and uploading of missiles on another FULCRUM.
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • April 1988
    A team of the US Military Liaison Mission observes an air-to-air training between a MiG-29 FULCRUM and a Mi-24 HIND helicopter near Merseburg airfield. "The FULCRUM made attack passes from 5000-6000 feet in a 15-20 degree dive probably simulating IR missile or gun shots against the HIND orbiting at approximately 300 feet. This type of training had never been observed before."
    Source: /USMLM 1988/



General aviation.


  • /USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988"

Airfields in the vicinity

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