Fulda was an US Army airfield, which was used as a helicopter base until the early 1990s. It was located at the strategically important Fulda Gap, which was viewed by the West as a probable place for a Soviet tank attack because the potential deployment area of the East in Thuringia offered the shortest route to the important Rhein-Main area in the west. Therefore, many transport, observation and combat helicopters were stationed in Fulda.
The airfield was located just 19 km from the inner-German border and was geographically within the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), the air surveillance zone along the demarcation line. However, the area around the airfield was exempted from the ADIZ to an altitude of 2,000 feet, probably to simplify flight operations. Today, the airfield is closed and the new district Fulda-Galerie is located on the site. The former control tower and the fire brigade building are still preserved.