For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN513422 E0075441 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 269 ft
Federal stateNordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Location indicatorEDCW
Map with location of Werl Airfeld, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map

General

In the middle of the 1930s, a Luftwaffe Fliegerhorst (air base) was built in the north of Werl. After the World War II, the site was used by Belgian units. On a small part in the northwest of the former air base, an airfield for the Belgian army aviation was established. Beside the army aviation, the area was also occupied by other units, among them was a special weapons site of the US Army. After the withdrawal of the troops at the beginning of the 1990s, the site was converted into the KonWerl industrial estate. Individual buildings have been preserved.

During World War II

Usage

Luftwaffe air base (Fliegerhorst).

Situation

Werl Airfeld, Germany, on a map 1944
Werl Air Base in World War II on a US map from 1944 (Source: McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA)

Overview

Werl Airfeld, Germany, on a map from 1955
Werl Airfeld on a US map from 1955. - The basic structure of the air base is visible, but buildings and hangars are missing. Shown is the railway siding, which leads east past Werl and ends in the southwest corner of the air base. (Source: AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University)

Sources

    During the Cold War

    Usage during the Cold War

    Belgian Army aviation base (1956-1994).

    In the 1970s

    Overview

    Werl Airfeld, Germany, on a US satellite image 1976
    US satellite image from 25 August 1976: Barracks, ammunition dump, airfield - At the top left you can see the two crossed runways. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

    In the 1980s and early 1990s

    Overview

    Werl military area 1988-1994
    The Werl military area between 1988 and 1994 - In the southwest, the oval structure of the former Fliegerhorst can still be seen. However, the Belgian airfield is limited to the northwestern corner. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Aerial photo over map
    For orientation the same aerial photo over a current map - The situation can be seen with regard to the present streets Hansering, Langenwiedenweg, Hafervöhde, Lohdiecksweg and Belgische Straße. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Werl airfield
    The airfield - The marked runway 04/22 is approx. 570 m long (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Werl Special ammunition storage SAS
    Special ammunition storage (SAS) - The approach to runway 22 passes close to the nuclear weapons store. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Movement area
    Movement area - Meanwhile, the second runway 07/25 has been decommissioned, the markings are barely visible. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Hangar Werl
    Hangar - Approach for runway 04 is close to a hangar. It still exists, stands at the end of today's Walkmühlenstraße and functions as an indoor playground. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Railway siding
    Railway siding - From the southeast, an arched siding leads to the installation. The US Army radio tower appears to have already been dismantled. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)

    Runways

    Data for the year 1990:
    • 04/22: 544 m x 40 m Grass

    Units

    1956-1994: 17 Sq/17 Btl (Alouette II) (relocated to Liège Bierset: Airfield in 1994).

    Today

    Usage

    Closed.

    Overview

    Werl aerodrome, 1996
    In 1996, the old structures were still largely intact (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Werl Air Base, Germany, 2001
    In 2001 the area had already changed considerably. - Large-scale construction work is still in progress. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Werl barracks, 2005
    In 2005, major construction work was completed. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Situation 2011
    Situation 2011 - By 2011, further commercial buildings had been added. In addition, the prison was extended to the north. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)
    Konwerl 2017
    By 2017, the development had become even denser. In addition, the prison was further extended. (Source: Datenquelle: Land NRW (2018) Datenlizenz Deutschland - Namensnennung - Version 2.0 www.govdata.de/dl-de/by-2.0)

    Sources

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