Kroppen: Anti-aircraft Missile Unit 313

National People's Army Helipad 3136

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN512204 E0134938 (WGS84) Google Maps
Former East Germany (GDR)District of Cottbus, District of Dresden
Federal stateSachsen (Saxony), Brandenburg
Map with location of Surface-to-Air Missile Unit 313 Kroppen, East Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map
The history of the Cold War airfields: Kroppen Helipad

Location of airfield

2.8 km southeast of Kroppen.
The village of Kroppen was located in the GDR district of Cottbus, now the federal state of Brandenburg, while the launching site was in the GDR district of Dresden, now the federal state of Sachsen (Saxony). The border between the two districts or federal states ran / runs approximately on the northwest side of the launching site.

During the Cold War

In the 1960s


Kroppen Surface-to-Air Missile Unit 313, East Germany, on a US satellite image 1965
Kroppen Surface-to-Air Missile Unit 113 on a US satellite image from 04 October 1965 - 1: launching are; 2: barracks?
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Launching area of FRA-113 Kroppen, GDR
Enlargement: Launching area
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Missile S-75 Wolchow / SA-2 Guideline
Northern part - 1: object, which looks like a landing-T? 2: possible missile S-75 Wolchow (NATO designator SA-2 Guideline).
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
6 launchers for S-75 missiles in circular arrangement and firing control equipment
6 launchers for S-75 in circular arrangement. - It's hard to tell which of them are equipped with missiles. In the center are the fire control systems.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Anti-aircraft site
1: Six positions in a circular arrangement, which could be an anti-aircraft site within the anti-aircraft missile site.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey

In the 1980s and early 1990s


Helipad 3136 for Anti-aircraft Missile Unit 313 (FRA-313) of East German Air Force (NVA LSK/LV).


Kroppen, East Germany: Satellite image 1980
Satellite image from 26 July 1980 - 1: launcher area; 2: barracks; 3: east of the barracks, an additional object has been built.
Source: U.S. Geological Survey

Runways, taxiways, aprons

  • Dimensions: 160 m x 200 m,
  • main takeoff and landing direction: 200°,
  • surface: sand overgrown with grass,
  • usable without crop damage,
  • capacity: 1 helicopter.


Stabsnetz S1 9446-66-825

Airspace and procedures

Usable at day during good weather conditions.
Alert time: 30 minutes.


Timber forest: direction 0°, 180°, 270°, distance 100-200 m.

Unit hierarchy in 1989

- Ministry of National Defense (MfNV)
-- National People's Army (NVA)
--- Air Force/Air Defense (LSK/LV)
---- 1st Air Defense Division (1. LVD)
----- Anti-aircraft Missile Regiment 31 (FRR-31)
------ Anti-aircraft Missile Unit 313 (FRA-313)
Post box 44105
Military installation number: 06/214





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