Erfurt: Erfurt North Airport

Roter Berg Airfield

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN510102 E0110136 (WGS84) Google Maps
Federal stateThüringen (Thuringia)
Map with location of Erfurt North / Roter Berg airfield, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map
The history of the Cold War airfields: Erfurt North
by Bert Kondruss
Contents

General

The Roter Berg airfield was established in the 1920s as the commercial airfield for Erfurt. Until the end of the 1930s, the airport was served by several scheduled flights. During World War II, the German Luftwaffe used it as a military aerodrome, an aircraft repair workshop was on the site. From the 1950s onwards, the airfield was used by the East German pre-military "Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik" (GST) for glider operations until it was closed in the 1960s to build the "Roter Berg" residential area.

During the 1920s/1930s

Data from the "Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich" (Aeronautical Manual of the German Reich) from 1928

Usage

Airport.

Operator

Flughafen Erfurt G. m. b. H., Erfurt

Administrator

Flughafen Erfurt G. m. b. H., Erfurt

Transport companies / Airlines

Deutsche Luft Hansa A. G., Flugleitung Erfurt, cable: Lufthansa Erfurt.
Deutsche Verkehrsflug A. G.

Situation

Erfurt North Airport on a map from 1927
Erfurt North Airport on a map from 1927

Overview

Plan of Erfurt North Airport 1931
Erfurt North Airport in 1931
Aerial view, about 1927
Aerial view, about 1927

Airfield characteristics at daytime

Immediately north of the airport the "Roter Berg" ("Red Mountain", 222 m). On the movement area a white circle with the inscription "Erfurt" and smoke oven. White hangar with tower-like structure and windsock. Landing sign deployed on the ground all the time. Landing ground border marked by red and white boxes.

Airfield characteristics at night

Permanent night lighting not available. Neon fire of 3500 HK (Hefner candles) at the police air station on request. The fire flashes (E). The "Rote Berg" ("Red Mountain") is marked by warning lights. Landing fires of green, white and red fires in a row parallel to the wind direction. It is to land from green over white to red, right of the row. 120 m from the southern edge of the landing ground are 2 field barns, marked by a warning light.

Runways

Terrain: Solid dry turf on gravel ground.
Shortest rolling length: In east-west direction 780 m.

Radio communication

Air traffic control: Call sign dda. Airborne radio and direction finding station for communications and bearing traffic with aircraft. Call wave: 333
kHz (900 m). Radio and cable post.

Plans and maps

In scale 1:300 000 at the Deutsche Luft Hansa A. G., Flugleitung Erfurt, in stock.

Hangars

1 hangar 52.8 x 32 m. In the hangar two mobile pulley blocks of 1.0 t capacity each. 1 aircraft hangar 52.8 x 32.0 x 12.8 m, gate width 44.0 x 8.0 m.

Workshops

Contains all the machines and tools needed to repair metal and wooden aircraft. Electrical current: 225 volt rotary current. Spare parts for all aircraft and engine models of Deutsche Luft Hansa are in stock.

Fuel equipment

For 5000 l petrol and benzene each. There are always 2500 litres of petrol and benzene in stock.

First aid in the case of accidents

Medical room with healing personnel available. Next doctor in Erfurt (1.5 km distance).

Customs, post office, passport

Post office with telephone available. Passport control by police department.

Accommodation of passengers

Temporarily possible at the airport, otherwise in the city.

Connections

Shuttle service during scheduled take-offs and landings. Taxi cabs on call at any time.

Timetable

While there was a large number of scheduled flights in the summer of 1928, the timetable was considerably reduced in the summer of 1939. Shortly afterwards, the scheduled service was discontinued completely due to the outbreak of war.

Summer 1928

The timetable for summer of 1928 shows the following scheduled flights:
(Days: 1=Monday ... 7=Sunday)
12 Berlin (Tempelhof) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Erfurt (Nord) - Stuttgart (Böblingen) - Zürich (Dübendorf) - Geneva (Cointrin) Genf - Marseille - Barcelona
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Berlin 11:10 - 12:20 Halle/Leipzig 12:35 - 13:20 Erfurt 13:35 - 16:00 Stuttgart 16:40 - 17:55 Zurich 18:10 - 19:45 Geneva Genf 08:20 - 10:50 Marseille 11:20 - 14:45 Barcelona
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Barcelona 13:00 - 16:00 Marseille 16:30 - 19:00 Geneva Genf 07:50 - 09:25 Zurich 09:40 - 10:55 Stuttgart 11:40 - 14:05 Erfurt 14:20 - 15:05 Halle/Leipzig 15:20 - 16:30 Berlin
101 Hannover (Vahrenwald) - Erfurt (Nord) - Fürth (Atzenhof) - Munich (Oberwiesenfeld)
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Hannover 12:40 - 14:10 Erfurt 14:25 - 15:55 Fürth 16:10 - 17:30 Munich
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Munich 10:05 - 11:25 Fürth 11:40 - 13:10 Erfurt 13:25 - 14:55 Hannover
104 Erfurt (Nord) - Frankfurt/M (Rebstock)
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Erfurt 13:40 - 15:20 Frankfurt/M
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Frankfurt/M 12:25 - 14:00 Erfurt
109 Magdeburg - Erfurt (Nord)
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Magdeburg 12:15 - 13:20 Erfurt
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Erfurt 14:20 - 15:25 Magdeburg
141 Erfurt (Nord) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Berlin (Tempelhof)
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Erfurt 07:10 - 07:55 Halle/Leipzig 08:05 - 09:15 Berlin
    With branch from Gera to Halle/Leipzig
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Berlin 17:10 - 18:20 Halle/Leipzig 18:30 - 19:15 Erfurt
    With branch from Halle/Leipzig to Gera
145 Chemnitz - Erfurt (Nord) - Dortmund (Brackel) - Essen/Mühlheim
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Chemnitz 12:15 - 13:20 Erfurt 13:35 - 15:40 Dortmund 15:55 - 16:10 Essen/Mühlheim
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Essen/Mühlheim 11:30 - 11:45 Dortmund 12:00 - 14:00 Erfurt 14:15 - 15:20 Chemnitz
303 Plauen - Gera (Tinz) - Erfurt (Nord)
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Plauen 11:55 - 12:15 Gera 12:30 - 13:10 Erfurt
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Erfurt 14:25 - 15:05 Gera 15:20 - 15:40 Plauen
304 Rudolstadt/Saalfeld - Weimar - Erfurt (Nord) - Meiningen - Schweinfurt/Bad Kissingen - Fürth (Atzenhof)
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Rudolstadt/Saalfeld 07:20 - 07:40 Weimar 07:50 - 08:00 Erfurt 08:15 - 09:00 Meiningen 09:20 - 09:55 Schweinfurt/Bad Kissingen 10:10 - 10:55 Fürth
    Flights to Weimar on demand only
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Fürth 07:25 - 08:10 Schweinfurt/Bad Kissingen 08:25 - 09:00 Meiningen 09:15 - 10:00 Erfurt 10:15 - 10:25 Weimar 10:35 - 10:55 Rudolstadt/Saalfeld
    Flights to Weimar on demand only
305 Dresden (Heller) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Weimar - Erfurt (Nord)
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Dresden 11:05 - 11:55 Halle/Leipzig 12:10 - 12:55 Weimar 13:05 - 13:15 Erfurt
    Flights to Weimar on demand only
  • Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.:
    123456– | Erfurt 14:20 - 14:30 Weimar 14:40 - 15:25 Halle/Leipzig 15:40 - 16:30 Dresden
    Flights to Weimar on demand only
Departures and arrivals by time
DaysTimeDep/ArrRouteOperatorAircraft typeto/from
123456–07:10Dep141Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Halle/Leipzig - Berlin
123456–08:00Arr304Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Rudolstadt/Saalfeld - Weimar
123456–08:15Dep304Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Meiningen - Schweinfurt/Bad Kissingen - Fürth
123456–10:00Arr304Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Fürth - Schweinfurt/Bad Kissingen - Meiningen
123456–10:15Dep304Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Weimar - Rudolstadt/Saalfeld
123456–13:10Arr101Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Munich - Fürth
123456–13:10Arr303Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Plauen - Gera
123456–13:15Arr305Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Dresden - Halle/Leipzig - Weimar
123456–13:20Arr145Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Chemnitz
123456–13:20Arr109Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Magdeburg
123456–13:20Arr12Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Berlin - Halle/Leipzig
123456–13:25Dep101Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Hannover
123456–13:35Dep145Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Dortmund - Essen/Mühlheim
123456–13:35Dep12Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Stuttgart - Zurich - Geneva Genf - Marseille - Barcelona
123456–13:40Dep104Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Frankfurt/M
123456–14:00Arr104Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Frankfurt/M
123456–14:00Arr145Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Essen/Mühlheim - Dortmund
123456–14:05Arr12Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Barcelona - Marseille - Geneva Genf - Zurich - Stuttgart
123456–14:10Arr101Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Hannover
123456–14:15Dep145Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Chemnitz
123456–14:20Dep12Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Halle/Leipzig - Berlin
123456–14:20Dep109Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Magdeburg
123456–14:20Dep305Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Weimar - Halle/Leipzig - Dresden
123456–14:25Dep101Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Fürth - Munich
123456–14:25Dep303Nordbayerische Verkehrsflug G. m. b. H.Gera - Plauen
123456–19:15Arr141Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Berlin - Halle/Leipzig

Spring/Summer 1939

The timetable for spring/summer of 1939 shows the following scheduled flights:
(Days: 1=Monday ... 7=Sunday)
19 Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Erfurt (Nord) - Frankfurt (Rhein/Main)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Halle/Leipzig 19:15 - 19:45 Erfurt 19:50 - 20:55 Frankfurt/M
    In April and from mid-August to the beginning of October without the stopover in Erfurt (Not usable in the dark?)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Frankfurt/M 07:10 - 08:05 Erfurt 08:15 - 08:40 Halle/Leipzig
119 Breslau (Gandau) - Dresden (Klotzsche) - Halle/Leipzig (Schkeuditz) - Erfurt (Nord) - Frankfurt (Rhein/Main)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Breslau 06:00 - 07:05 Dresden 07:15 - 07:50 Halle/Leipzig 08:00 - 08:30 Erfurt 08:40 - 09:40 Frankfurt/M
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Heinkel He 111:
    123456– | Frankfurt/M 17:10 - 18:25 Halle/Leipzig 19:00 - 19:30 Dresden 19:40 - 20:40 Breslau
    (No stop in Erfurt)
Departures and arrivals by time
DaysTimeDep/ArrRouteOperatorAircraft typeto/from
123456–08:05Arr19Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Frankfurt/M
123456–08:15Dep19Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Halle/Leipzig
123456–08:30Arr119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Breslau - Dresden - Halle/Leipzig
123456–08:40Dep119Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Frankfurt/M
123456–19:45Arr19Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Halle/Leipzig
123456–19:50Dep19Deutsche LufthansaHeinkel He 111Frankfurt/M

During World War II

Usage

Luftwaffe airfield.

Situation

Erfurt North Airfield in World War II on a US map from 1944
Erfurt North Airfield in World War II on a US map from 1944 - (McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA /MULDA/)

Overview

Map of Erfurt-Nord airfield, Germany
This US map from 1951 shows the former airfield in its state of expansion during the Second World War. - (AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University /BYU/)
Aerial picture of Erfurt North airfield, Germany, from 31 March 1944
Aerial picture of Erfurt North airfield from 31 March 1944. Compared to 1928, the landing ground has been extended to the west and to the south. - In the south, an aircraft plant with a large hangar has been added. Source: Geoportal Thüringen
Anti-aircraft artillery site on the Roter Berg at Erfurt
Enlargement: Anti-aircraft artillery site on the Roter Berg
Northwestern corner of the field
Enlargement: Northwest corner of the field
Airplanes parked below the Roter Berg at Erfurt, Germany
Enlargement: Airplanes are parked below the Roter Berg
Landing-T. Circle with the inscription
Landing-T. In the middle of the field is a circle with the inscription "Erfurt".
Former Erfurt North airport building with apron and parked aircraft
Enlargement: Former airport building with apron and parked aircraft
Two compensating disks and parked aircraft
Two compensating disks and parked aircraft
Parking positions south of the Erfurt Nord airfield
Parking positions south of the airfield
Machine gun range
Machine gun range
Repair shop with hangar and parked aircraft at Erfurt, Germany
Repair shop with hangar and parked aircraft. On the left side of the picture is an airplane in flight
Other buildings
Other buildings
Aerial photo of the aircraft repair works
This aerial photo from 25.06.1944 shows the entire aircraft repair shop - Source: Geoportal Thüringen
Decentralization area and anti-aircraft artillery site at Erfurt
This photo of the Northwest corner was also taken on 25 June 1944: Ladder-shaped decentralization area and triangular anti-aircraft artillery site - Source: Geoportal Thüringen
The Erfurt North airfield at the end of the war on an aerial photo 1945.
The airfield at the end of the war on an aerial photo from 19 July 1945. Some buildings in the north have been destroyed. - Source: Geoportal Thüringen

During the Cold War

Usage

Airfield of the pre-military Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik (Society for Sport and Technology, GST) until the 1960s. Then the airfield was closed and a residential area was built on the site.

In the 1940s

History

  • December 1946
    The grounds have been plowed up, the runway is destroyed, all installations have been removed from the airfield.
    Source: /CIA/
  • October 1947
    The airfield is destroyed.
    Source: /CIA/
  • November 1948
    The airfield is completely destroyed, the field is now being farmed.
    Source: /CIA/
  • May 1949
    The field is unoccupied and deemed unusable.
    Source: /CIA/

In the 1950s

Overview

Aerial picture 1953
Aerial picture 1953
The buildings were demolished in the northern part.
Enlargement: The buildings were demolished in the northern part.
Former airport building demolished, Rote-Berg-Siedlung settlement
Enlargement: The former airport building was demolished and the Rote-Berg-Siedlung settlement was built on the site.
Hangar of the aircraft repair shop demolished, machine gun stand still visible
Enlargement: The hangar of the aircraft repair shop was also demolished. The machine gun stand is still visible

History

  • 01 May 1955
    The Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik (GST) conducts glider training at the airfield. Air activity starts at 7 a. m. and runs until about 6 p. m. There is an instructor, an assistant instructor and a mechanic specialized in Pfeifer-type winches. A winch was used for flight operations with 25 student pilots. The following aircraft are available: 1 SG-38,1 SG-38 with hull and 1 Grunau-Baby IIb. On this day, 50 to 60 take-offs were made.
    Source: /CIA/

Today

Usage

Closed.

Overview

Aerial view of Erfurt Roter Berg 2016
Aerial view of the site 2016 - Source: Geoportal Thüringen, with Modifikationen
Red lines: Airfield boundary in the 1920s.
The area adjoins the following today's streets or is limited by them: Stotternheimer Straße, Hegemalweg, Geranienweg, tram stop Zoopark and Roter Berg, Jakob-Kaiser-Ring, August-Frölich-Straße, Alfred-Delp-Ring, Lilienthalweg, Ikarusweg, Falkenhäuser Weg
Yellow lines: Field boundary 1944.
Julius-Leber-Straße, Karl-Reimann-Ring, Am Roten Berg
Yellow lines: Parking areas in the south,
Am Roten Berg street, An der Lache
Yellow lines: Disperal area in the northwest in the area of Schmale Gera creek.
White: Taxiway from the 1940s and hangar apron of the repair plant in the Hohenwindenstraße / An der Lache area
Black: Former buildings.
Airport building, building in the north and aircraft hangar on today's Hohenwindenstraße
Turquoise dots: former anti-aircraft site on the Roter Berg

Sources

Bibliography

  • Ries, Karl; Dierich, Wolfgang: "Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe" Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart, 1993 - Allied sketch
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