Kiel: Holtenau Airfield / Airport

Vossbrook

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN542246 E0100839 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 101 ft
Federal stateSchleswig-Holstein
RegionKieler Förde
Location indicatorEDGK (197*), EDCK (1990), EDHK
Map with location of Kiel Holtenau Airfield, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map
The history of the Cold War airfields: Kiel Airport

During the 1920s/1930s

General

Zu diesem Zeitpunkt gab es zwei dicht nebeneinander liegende Flugplätze: Den Landflughafen Kiel-Voßbrook und den Wasserflugplatz Kiel-Holtenau.

Situation

Location of land and seaplane base
Location of the land airport (black symbol with the red circle) and the seaplane base (black symbol to the right of it)
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929)

Land-based aerodrome

Map of Kiel land airport and seaplane station Kieler Förde
Map with land-based airport (center - top left) und seaplane airport (bottom right)
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929/1931)
Aerial picture 1929
Aerial picture (ca. 1929) - Looking about northwest. The land-based airfield is in the middle of the picture, at the bottom you can see the seaplane base.
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929)

Information from the Aeronautical Information Publication as of February 1929

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
I. Level Airport Kiel-Voßbrook

Business owner / Administrator

Kieler Flughafengesellschaft m. b. H., Kiel-Holtenau, Flughafen Kiel-Voßbrook.
Cable address: Holstenflug Kiel.

Transport companies / Airlines

Deutsche Luft Hansa A. G., Flugleitung Kiel,
Flughafen Kiel-Voßbrook.
Cable address: Lufthansa Kiel.
Luftverkehr Schleswig-Holstein G. m. b. H., Kiel-Holtenau,
Flughafen Kiel-Voßbrook.
Cable address: Holstenflug Kiel.

Airfield characteristics at daytime

1 km north of the Holtenau locks of the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. On the roof of the hangar the inscription "Kiel". Landing signs are constantly displayed. Smoke oven. Windsock on the mast at the southern edge of the runway next to the administration building. Runway borders in the east and north marked by red and white panels, in the south and west by fencing.

Airfield characteristics at night

No permanent night lighting. On request at the administrator, landing lights consisting of green, white and red fires in a row parallel to the wind direction. Land from green over white to red, to the right of the row. The nearby Holtenau locks and the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal are constantly lit.

Runways, taxiways, aprons

Good sod on loamy sandy soil.
Shortest rolling distance: 700 m in all directions.

Hangars

1 aircraft hangar 40 x 28 m, gate width 35 x 8 m. The hangar contains 2 trolleys with a load capacity of 1.0 t each.

Workshops

Will be installed in the 40 x 7 m annex to the hall. Spare parts for various aircraft and engine types of the Deutsche Luft Hansa in stock.

Fuel equipment

Tank farm for 10 000 l and tap for manual operation next to the administration building.

First aid in the case of accidents

It's provided by airfield police station. Next doctor in Holtenau (0.5 km away). Ambulances of the city of Kiel available on call.

Customs, passport

Customs clearance possible. Passport control by airfield police station.

Maps and charts

Available from Luftverkehr Schleswig-Holstein G. m. b. H. in 1 : 300 000.

Telephone connections

Business owner, administrator, night lightingKiel-Holtenau 294
Transport companies:
Deutsche Luft Hansa A. G., Flugleitung Kiel: Kiel-Holtenau 221
Luftverkehr Schleswig-Holstein G. m. b. H.: Kiel-Holtenau 294
Airfield police station: Kiel-Holtenau 225
Doctor: Kiel-Holtenau 294
Fire alarm station, ambulance: Kiel 802 (fire brigade)
Taxi cabs: Kiel-Holtenau 250

Accommodation of passengers

In the hotels and inns in Holtenau and Kiel. Restaurant in the administration building.

Connections

Shuttle service during scheduled take-offs and landings. Post bus line Friedrichsort-Kiel, hourly traffic. Demand stop in front of the administration building. Taxi cabs on call.

Timetable

Summer 1928

The timetable for summer of 1928 shows the following scheduled flights:
(Days: 1=Monday ... 7=Sunday)
123: Hamburg (Fuhlsbüttel) - Kiel (Holtenau) - Flensburg (Schäferhaus) - Wyk - Westerland
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Hamburg 17:00 - 17:45 Kiel 18:00 - 18:35 Flensburg 18:45 - 19:15 Wyk 19:25 - 19:40 Westerland
    The section Flensburg - Wyk - Westerland will only be opened on 16 June and will only be in operation until 15 September 1928.
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Westerland 08:00 - 08:15 Wyk 08:25 - 08:55 Flensburg 09:05 - 09:40 Kiel 09:55 - 10:40 Hamburg
    The section Flensburg - Wyk - Westerland will only be opened on 16 June and will only be in operation until 15 September 1928.
124: Lübeck/Travemünde (Priwall) - Kiel (Holtenau) - Flensburg (Schäferhaus) - Westerland - Wyk
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Lübeck/Travemünde 16:25 - 16:55 Kiel 17:10 - 17:45 Flensburg 18:00 - 18:40 Westerland 18:50 - 19:05 Wyk
  • Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.:
    123456– | Wyk 08:15 - 08:30 Westerland 08:40 - 09:20 Flensburg 09:35 - 10:10 Kiel 10:25 - 10:55 Lübeck/Travemünde
Departures and arrivals by time
DaysTimeDep/ArrRouteOperatorAircraft typeto/from
123456–09:40Arr123Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Westerland - Wyk - Flensburg
123456–09:55Dep123Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Hamburg
123456–10:10Arr124Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Wyk - Westerland - Flensburg
123456–10:25Dep124Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Lübeck/Travemünde
123456–16:55Arr124Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Lübeck/Travemünde
123456–17:10Dep124Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Flensburg - Westerland - Wyk
123456–17:45Arr123Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Hamburg
123456–18:00Dep123Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G.Flensburg - Wyk - Westerland

Spring/Summer 1939

The timetable for spring/summer of 1939 shows the following scheduled flights:
(Days: 1=Monday ... 7=Sunday)
127: Berlin (Tempelhof) - Kiel (Holtenau) - Flensburg (Schäferhaus) - Wyk - Westerland
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    123456– | Berlin 10:50 - 12:20 Kiel 12:30 - 12:55 Flensburg 13:05 - 13:25 Wyk 13:35 - 13:50 Westerland
    (24 June - 31 August 1939)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    123456– | Westerland 14:30 - 14:45 Wyk 14:55 - 15:15 Flensburg 15:25 - 15:50 Kiel 16:00 - 17:30 Berlin
    (24 June - 31 August 1939)
145: Kiel (Holtenau) - Hamburg (Fuhlsbüttel) - Berlin (Tempelhof)
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    123456– | Kiel 07:00 - 07:30 Hamburg 07:40 - 09:00 Berlin
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    ––––––7 | Hamburg 10:00 - 11:20 Berlin
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    ––––––7 | Berlin 20:00 - 21:20 Hamburg
  • Deutsche Lufthansa, Junkers Ju 52:
    123456– | Berlin 20:00 - 21:20 Hamburg 21:35 - 22:05 Kiel
Departures and arrivals by time
DaysTimeDep/ArrRouteOperatorAircraft typeto/from
123456–07:00Dep145Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Hamburg - Berlin
123456–12:20Arr127Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Berlin
123456–12:30Dep127Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Flensburg - Wyk - Westerland
123456–15:50Arr127Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Westerland - Wyk - Flensburg
123456–16:00Dep127Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Berlin
123456–22:05Arr145Deutsche LufthansaJunkers Ju 52Berlin - Hamburg

Seaplane station

Map of Kiel seaplane station, 1931
Map of Kiel harbor with land and seaplane station
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929/1931)
Kiel / Kieler Förde seaplane base, Germany 1931
Enlargement - The seaplane base is at the center - bottom right.
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929/1931)
Aerial picture 1929
Aerial picture (ca. 1929) - Two airplanes can be seen ashore.
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929)
Coal Hulk
Coal Hulk "Bunker-Kohlen" in the Kiel Canal / Fjord inlet in front of the water aerodrome
Source: Flughandbuch für das Deutsche Reich (1929)

Information from the Aeronautical Information Publication as of March 1930

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
I. Level Seaplane Airport Kiel-Holtenau

Business owner / Administrator

Luftdienst G. m. b. H., Flugleitung Kiel-Holtenau,
Drahtanschrift: Luftdienst Kiel-Holtenau.

Airfield characteristics at daytime

Als Rollfeld gilt die Wasserfläche des Kieler Hafens von der Mündung des Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanals bis Leuchtturm Friedrichsort. Die Auswahl für Start und Landung bleibt dem Flugzeugführer überlassen. Auf einem Hallendach der Uferanlagen die weiße Aufschrift "Kiel-Holtenau". Windsack auf Hallendach. Etwa 700 m südöstlich der Landanlagen eine fest verankerte Kohlenhulk.

Airfield characteristics at night

Keine ständige Nachtbefeuerung. Die Mündung des Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanals sowie die Kohlenhulk sind stets befeuert und gut erkennbar. (Vgl. Admiralitätskarten und Verzeichnis der Leuchtfeuer und Signalstellen aller Meere, Teil I, Ostsee, lfd. Jahrgang).

Water conditions

The stream changes with the different wind directions; it is only weak and has no influence on landings.

Beach

Sanding and shallow; ice only forms during prolonged severe frost.

Anchorage ground

Sandy clay; black silt; good.

Towing aid

Can be requested from the administrator.by radio telegraphy, telephone or shooting of red stars near the buildings of the airport.

Disembarking

A motorboat, a speedboat and two rowing boats are available for disembarkation.

Mooring

Buoys are available to line aircraft ropes.

Slope and widths of the slipways

1:10, north slipway 13 m wide, south slipway 9 m wide.

Deepest point of the slipways under water

1,5 m.

Normal water depth at the slipways

2 m.

Slipways

Available for seaplanes. A trolley for large aircraft (Junkers G 24) is available.

Pickup and loading devices

Tractor and spill as well as lifting devices available. The crane has a lifting capacity of 4.0 t.

Nautical equipment, drinking water, cooling water

Available from the administrator.

Ship rescue station

Labö.

Shortest rolling distance

1500 m.

Hangars

Two hangars:
Hangar I: 60.8 x 20 m, height 5 m, gate width 30 m,
Hangar II: 90.8 x 20 m, height 5 m, gate width 30 m.

Workshops

Contains all equipment necessary for the repair of metal and wooden aircraft. Electricity: 220/380 Volt three-phase. Spare parts for Junkers and Heinkel seaplanes in stock.

Fuel equipment

For 10,000 litres of petrol and benzene each, 1 tanker truck for 500 litres. Each 5000 l petrol and benzene always in stock, furthermore 10,000 l standard fuel of the Deutsche Luft Hansa A. G.

First aid in the case of accidents

Is provided by fitters trained in medical service. Medical room available. Next doctor in Holtenau (2.5 km away).

Customs, passport

Customs clearance possible, passport control by airfield police office.

Telephone connections

Business owner, administrator: Kiel-Holtenau 235 and 275.
Airfield police station: Holtenau 284.
Doctors: Kiel-Holtenau 245 and 270
Hospitals: Kiel-Holtenau 8050 and 8200
Taxi cabs: Kiel-Holtenau 80 and 250
Fire alarm: Kiel 802

Accommodation of passengers

In Holtenau and Kiel. Own office in the reception building.

During World War II

Use

Luftwaffe airbase.

Situation

Kiel Holtenau Airfield, Germany, on a map 1943
Kiel Holtenau Airfield in World War II on a US map from 1943
Source: McMaster University Library Digital Archive, License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 CC BY-NC 2.5 CA

Overview

Kiel Holtenau Airfield, Germany, on a map from 1953
Kiel Holtenau Airfield on a US map from 1953 - The map should show approximately the state of development during the Second World War.
Source: AMS M841 GSGS 4414, Courtesy Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University

During the Cold War

Use

German navy airbase.

In the 1970s

Situation

Kiel Holtenau Airfield on a US map 1972
Kiel Holtenau Airfield on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972
Source: ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Runways

  • 08/26: 450 m x 35 m Grass
  • 08/26: 1400 m x 30 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 383.5 "KIL", 082° 0.6NM to THR08

Units

Naval Wing 5 (Marinefliegergeschwader 5, MFG 5) with Sikorsky Sea King and Dornier Do-28D.

Today

Use

Regional airport.

Images

View from the Kiel Canal (2018) - In the foreground the former area of the Naval Wing 5 (MFG 5), in the background the Kiel airfield.

Links

Recommended

Image credits are shown on the respective target page, click on the preview to open it.
Diese Seite auf Deutsch
This website uses cookies
Further information: Privacy Policy
Imprint