Templin: Air Base

Schorfheide, Groß Dölln

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN530155 E0133233 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 202 ft
Location indicatorEDUT (200x)
Map with location of Templin Air Base, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map

General

The Templin / Groß Dölln air base was built between 1952 and 1954 for the Soviet occupation troops in the GDR. The field was special not only because of the very spacious facilities. It also had an auxiliary runway, which ran from the airfield in a southwestern direction, with a remote dispersal area at the end.
West of the airfield were two storage areas. A SAM site was northwest of the field near Storkow. At NATO the airfield had different designations, first "Schorfheide", then "Groß Dölln" and finally "Templin".

During the Cold War

Usage

Soviet air base.

Installations

The airfield area was stated with 1503.40 ha.
Remote dispersal area at the southern end of runway 01
Railway siding vom Vogelsang station
Related objects: SAM site near Storkow; Fuel depot Kurtschlag.

In the 1960s

Situation

Templin Air Base on a map from 1969
Templin Air Base on a US map from 1969 (Composed of two sheets) (Source: Earth Sciences and Map Library, University of California, Berkeley)

Overview

Map of Gross Doelln Templin Air Base, Germany, 1960
Map from ca. 1960 - The two depots at Kurtschlag and the accommodation area south of the airfield are hatched. The later SAM site near Storkow has not yet been noted. (Source: CIA)
Templin Air Base map
Map from ca. 1960 - The dispersal areas in the north and southeast were not built. (Source: CIA)

In the 1970s

Situation

Templin Air Base on a map 1972
Templin Air Base on a map of the US Department of Defense from 1972 (Source: ONC E-2 (1972), Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin)

Overview

Templin Air Base, Germany, on a US satellite image 1970
Templin Air Base on a US satellite image from 25 November 1970 - 1: Air base; 2: auxiliary runway; 3, 4: Depot; 5: railway siding; 6: Anti-aircraft missile site. Places Bebersee, Gollin, Groß Dölln, Groß Väter, Grunewald, Kurtschlag, Storkow, Vietmannsdorf, Vogelsang. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Soviet Air Base Templin
Air Base - The image is aligned so that the east-west runway is shown almost horizontal. However, since the image is distorted, the other angles are not correct. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Gross Doelln Air Base: Western part
Enlargement of the western part - The airfield has numerous aircraft shelters. North of the runway there are 12 lanes for readiness aircraft. This can only be found at a few Soviet airfields. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Soviet Air Base Gross Doelln: Western part
Enlargement of the eastern part - Also at this end there are 12 lanes, here on the southern side of the runway. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Auxiliary runway at Templin Air Base, Germany
On the west side an auxiliary runway leads approximately to the south. - At mark "1" the railway crosses the runway. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Southern end of the auxiliary runway.
Southern end of the auxiliary runway. - Here there are parking areas for large aircraft, on which later aircraft shelters were arranged. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Railway siding from Vogelsang station to the airfield
The railway siding from Vogelsang station (top left) to the airfield passes two storage areas. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Western storage area near Kurtschlag, Germany
Western storage area near Kurtschlag - 1: Depot, 2: Track; 3: railway siding to the airfield (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Eastern storage area near Kurtschlag, Germany
Eastern storage area near Kurtschlag - 1: Depot, 2: Track; 3: railway siding to the airfield (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Soviet SAM site southeast of Storkow
1: SAM site southeast of Storkow (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Radio communication

Call sign: ASTORIJA (197x)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Overview

Templin Air Base, Germany, on a US satellite image 1980
Satellite image from 26 July 1980 - 1: air base; 2: auxiliary runway; 3: outer radio beacon east; 4: outer radio beacon west; 5: railway siding; 6: Storage (fuel?); 7: Storage (ammunition?); 8: SAM site; 9: barracks. Places Bebersee, Gollin, Groß Dölln, Groß Väter, Grunewald, Kurtschlag, Storkow, Vietmannsdorf
Western part of the aerodrome
Enlargement: western part (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Eastern part of the airfield
Enlargement: eastern part (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Auxiliary runway, Templin airfield, Germany
Auxiliary runway (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Kurtschlag fuel dump
Storage area near Kurtschlag - fuel dump? (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Kurtschlag ammunition dump
Storage area near Kurtschlag - ammunition dump? (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Soviet SAM site Storkow, Germany
SAM site near Storkow (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Runways

  • 09/27: 3500 m Concrete
  • 09/27 Grass
  • 01/19: 2600 m

Radio beacons

  • LOM 27: 451 "IK"
  • LMM 27: 219 "I"
  • LOM 09: 451 "PG"
  • LMM 09: 219 "P"

Radio communication

Call sign: LEOPARD (199x), see List of call signs

Units

1990: 20 GwAPIB (Su-17M-3, Su-17M-4, Su-17UM-3); 487 OBVP (Mi-8, Mi-24)

History

  • 1988
    Unusual observation o a Templin FITTER at the Retzow Firing Range: The plane dropped a bomb. As the bomb fell from the plane, a flare ignited on the rear of the bomb and fell away seperately to the ground.
    Source: /USMLM 1988/
  • November 20th, 1988
    Observation of low-level flying over the Rossow Range: "Three four-ship of FITTER H from Templin Soviet Airfield were observed operating between 300-500 feet AGL. These aircraft ingressed to the range at between 500-750 feet, but were seen turning after weapons delivery at 300-500 feet and staying low until out of sight." Assessment: "While these observations are the exception and not the rule, they do indicate the Soviets have some pilots trained to operate at altitudes approaching the low-level regime of NATO pilots.

Today

Usage

General aviation airfield (EDUT).

Sources

Bibliography

  • /USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988"
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