Gnoien: Airfield

Warbelow

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN535947 E0124249 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 75'
Former East GermanyDistrict of Neubrandenburg
Federal stateMecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
Map with location of Gnoien Airfield, Germany
Germany during the Cold War Map

During the Cold War

Usage

Gnoien-Warbelow was built at the end of the 1960s as an auxiliary airfield for the Air Force/Air Defence (LSK/LV) of the National People's Army (NVA) of the GDR. It was assigned to Fighter Wing 2 (JG-2), stationed in Neubrandenburg/Trollenhagen. In the NVA it had the airfield number 2021.

In the 1960s

Overview

Gnoien, Germany, on a US satellite image 1969
Gnoien and surroundings on a US satellite image from Sunday 03 August 1969 - 1: airfield. Places: Bäbelitz, Bassendorf, Behren-Lübchin, Bobbin, Groß Nieköhr, Klein Nieköhr, Neu Quietzenow, Viecheln, Warbelow, Wasdow. Rivers: Trebel, Warbel.
Gnoien Warbelow Airfield, Germany, under construction in 1969
Enlargement: Gnoien Warbelow Airfield - At that time, the facilities are still under construction. Remarkable: For the airfield, earthworks were carried out in the western direction up to the path leading in the south-eastern direction. However, the airfield later extended about 360 m further to the west, this area is still untouched here. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

History

  • 1969
    The US Military Liaison Mission notices that an East German airfield is under construction at Gnoien. (Source: USMLM 1969)

In the 1970s

Overview

Gnoien with radio beacon, East Germany, 1975
Gnoien, Wednesday 25 June 1975 - 1: Airfield; 2: inner radio beacon? 3: outer radio beacon? (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Gnoien-Warbelow Airfield, GDR
Enlargement: Airfield (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)

History

  • August 2nd, 1972
    Observation by the US Military Liaison Mission: "Four FISHBED and a CRATE were deployed to Gnoien sod strip on 2 August during (an) Air Defense Exercise ... This was the first observation of aircraft utilization of this auxiliary field, which was initially identified under construction in May 1969." (Source: USMLM 1972)

In the 1980s and early 1990s

Runways

  • 07/25: 2360 m x 80 m Grass

Radio beacons

  • LOM 25: 643 "WL", 4900 m
  • LMM 25: 312 "W", 950 m
  • LOM 07: 643 "LW", 4200 m
  • LMM 07: 312 "L", 1200 m
Die Kennungen der Funkfeuer wurden, wie im Warschauer Pakt üblich, aus dem ersten und letzten Buchstaben des Rufzeichens abgeleitet (WENZEL).

Radio communication

The radio call sign for air traffic control was WENZEL.

Units

Feldflugplatzkommando 2 (FFlpK-2, PF 65262)

Real property

Installation IdObjectAreaQuartersAddress
03/080Flugplatz160,6 ha
01/951Radio beacon0,1 ha(Warbelow/Bassendorf)
01/952Funkfeuer0,2 ha(Warbelow/Bassendorf)

History

  • 1988
    Observation by the US Military Liaison Mission: "At the Gnoien Auxiliary Airfield, arresting gear are in place ... These oibservations suggest the Soviets and East Germans have not abandoned the use of auxiliary airfields, but in fact are making improvements at these strips for safer operations." (Source: USMLM 1988)

Today

Usage

Airfield closed, area used by Bundeswehr as anti-aircraft missile training base.

Overview

Landsat image from 2016

Sources

Bibliography

  • /USMLM 1969/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1969"
  • /USMLM 1972/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1972"
  • /USMLM 1988/:
    United States Military Liaison Mission: "Unit History 1988"
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